Tongxin Software: Independent control requires long-term technical precipitation

The operating system, as the soul of the information industry, needs to be in its own hands, both from the perspective of information security and from the perspective of industrial development. Recently, Sina Technology talked to Wang Yaohua, general manager of the desktop operating system product line of Tongxin Software and head of the open source community center. He said that autonomy and controllability may seem official, but it actually represents a kind of ability, and it takes a long time to achieve autonomy and controllability. Technology accumulation and precipitation over time.

Data shows that China's Linux desktop operating system shipments in 2021 will account for just over 5%. The replacement and development of domestic operating systems is not only under pressure but also full of opportunities. Wang Yaohua predicts that by 2025, China's PC shipments will exceed 50 million units per year, and the domestic operating system market share will exceed 20%. China will also become the largest Linux desktop market, with the foundation to develop an independent ecosystem and lead the Linux desktop system. ability to develop.

Being autonomous and controllable represents an ability that requires a long period of precipitation

In mid-August, the deepin open source community of Tongxin Software officially released deepin V23 Preview. According to Wang Yaohua, the deepin V23 Preview released this time mainly includes three core features: a new V23 repository, which will gradually be in line with the top international mainstream distributions such as Debian and Arch Linux in the future; atomic updates can ensure the integrity of operating system upgrades The self-developed software package format is "Linglong", which can effectively manage various compatibility problems caused by the complex dependencies of traditional software package formats under the Linux system.

In Wang Yaohua's view, at present, most enterprises in the domestic IT industry are promoting autonomy and controllability. Although this seems very official, in fact, autonomy and controllability represent a kind of ability. "You can skillfully control every technical link involving the operating system kernel, system components, technical architecture, associations between components, and the desktop environment. When a security vulnerability occurs in the system, you can quickly fix it, and the problem will also becomes no longer scary, and the security issues of the supply chain are guaranteed.”

According to Wang Yaohua, an operating system based on the "root community" refers to building directly from the Linux kernel and source code, without relying on upstream distributions, and having its own ideas and innovations in system architecture. At the same time, it is hoped that based on this operating system, more developers will be involved to build a wider community influence and prosper the ecosystem of the operating system.

Up to now, deepin has been continuously updated more than 200 times, the global download volume has exceeded 80 million, and the overseas users have exceeded 3 million all over the world. In Wang Yaohua's view, due to different user attributes, different groups of people want to achieve different goals in the open source community. However, as a community form evolved from the programmer community, the open source community naturally has a tendency to pursue technological innovation and technological ideas. Therefore, to continuously promote technological innovation, and at the same time build an open, transparent, and easy-to-collaborate community ecology, The development of the open source community is critical.

"We hope that a large number of developers will participate together and continue to stimulate vitality." Wang Yaohua said.

In 2025, domestic operating system shipments will account for 20%

At present, in the market share of domestic desktop operating systems, Windows and macOS are in an absolutely dominant position, with a market share of up to 90%, while the domestic operating system based on Linux is roughly around 5%. The gap in market share brings difficulties to the formation of the domestic operating system ecosystem and the increase of market share.

Wang Yaohua predicts that China's Linux operating system shipments will account for 20% of the overall market shipments by 2025, reaching 10 million units per year, and the overall market share of China's desktop operating system will exceed 10%. At that time, China will become the largest Linux desktop market, and the domestic operating system will also have the foundation to develop an independent ecosystem, and then begin to lead the development of the global Linux desktop system.

"If the shipment volume exceeds 20%, it will reach a new level. At this time, whether it is the business model or the construction of the entire ecology, the support of each enterprise may be different." Wang Yaohua said. According to him, based on industry survey data and the results of communication with authorities and other units, "We are still optimistic about the forecast that the annual shipment will reach 10 million units in 2025."

On the general trend, as the policy level pays more and more attention to information security, network security, etc., and when events such as Win7 service suspension and security loopholes occur in some foreign countries and regions, although the user experience of domestic operating systems is limited, As the ecology develops to a certain stage, it will eventually get better. "Under such a trend, there are always manufacturers who can see opportunities in the market, and some people will invest and participate in this industry."

Wang Yaohua saw that the current development of the domestic desktop operating system industry is still faced with problems such as shortage of talents. The domestic operating system still has a long way to go from first-class to super-class. Tongxin is also vigorously promoting open source culture and cultivating open source talents, accelerating the cultivation of open source communities, open source foundations, open source protocols, and open source projects, and building a secure base for basic software from the source.

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