What are the new features of the iPhone 14 camera?

Presumably, the iPhone 14 that everyone is longing for has already arrived! It is well known that the iPhone 14 series has added some new features in terms of imaging this year. When many students get the real phone, they still don’t know how to better utilize the value of the new features of the iPhone 14?

We will use several new camera functions of the iPhone 14 series to make a real shooting tutorial so that you can better use the new iPhone to take wonderful blockbusters!

Closer to home! We all know that the iPhone 14 Pro series has upgraded the resolution of the main camera from 12 million to 48 million pixels for the first time, so how much does high pixel help us in daily shooting?

What's the use of 48 megapixels?

48MP is referred to as 48MP. By default, the photo pixel of the iPhone 14 Pro is still 12MP. You need to open it in the settings to take a 48MP photo. Setting path: Settings-Camera-Format-Apple ProRAW-Select ProRAW resolution (48MP) ). It should be noted that when we turn on ProRAW (48MP), the file size of each photo is about 75M.

Compared with most Android phones, you need to turn on the professional mode to turn on the RAW format. It is much simpler to turn on the ProRAW format on the iPhone. After completing the above settings, you only need to click on the upper right corner of the camera interface to turn on/off the RAW format.

Some students are going to ask, the ProRAW format of the iPhone 14 Pro has 12MP and 48MP, what is the difference between them?

ProRAW (48MP): " RAW format" is not unfamiliar to everyone. Most Android phones on the market support shooting in RAW format, but they are basically non-full-pixel RAW format photos. The iPhone 14 Pro is one of the few models on the market that supports full-pixel RAW shooting.

This is because once the mobile phone needs to meet the high pixel and RAW formats at the same time, it will be a big test for the processing power of the mobile phone chip.

Even if the iPhone 14 Pro is equipped with the strongest A16 bionic chip in the history of the iPhone, after turning on ProRAW (48MP), it takes about 2 seconds to press the shutter every time.

But the full-pixel RAW format does allow us to obtain a high-resolution, high-dynamic-range image. The advantage is that there is more processing space in the later stage: in addition to adjusting the tone and color of the photo, it can also be enlarged and cropped for the "secondary composition" in the later stage.

For example, this photo was taken with the 48MP ProRAW format turned on. We arbitrarily crop a part of the photo, and we will also get a photo with clearer details.

What amazes me is that with the blessing of the A16 bionic chip, the iPhone 14 Pro's built-in editor or the third-party retouching software Lightroom is also very smooth to process RAW (48MP) format photos, so students don't need to worry about processing RAW. (48MP) the mobile phone will be stuck.

What needs to be reminded here is that although the full-pixel ProRAW format can record more raw information, once this mode is turned on, it needs to pay the price of large memory and shutter lag when shooting. So for the use of this function, my suggestion is to use it when shooting some important moments or scenery pictures. It is recommended to use normal format or 12MP ProRAW for daily use.

ProRAW (12MP): This format is not a full-pixel RAW format, it retains more information than ordinary formats, has almost no shutter lag, and can obtain better imaging results than 48MP in backlight and low-light environments.

It is worth mentioning that in addition to the main camera, the ultra-wide-angle, 2x, and 3x focal lengths of the iPhone 14 Pro series all support RAW (12MP) format shooting, which can retain more picture information in strong backlight scenes.

In general, users need to master certain post-processing skills to get the most out of the ProRAW format. For daily shooting, I personally recommend that you shoot in the normal format.

Mobile phones can help us take good-looking photos more easily through computational photography, which is also one of the advantages of mobile phone photography compared to SLR photography!

For example, the 48-megapixel high-pixel iPhone 14 Pro is optimized by algorithms such as pixel four-in-one, and the normal format of the main camera or 2x focal length can directly produce photos with accurate exposure and color. In most scenes, we do not need to adjust the complexity You only need to focus on the composition and the picture itself.

How about taking portraits on iPhone 14?

The iPhone's image style has always been different from other mobile phone manufacturers. The iPhone's pursuit is to try to "restore what you see", of course, including portrait photography.

Today, when social pictures are dominated by "beauty", the "reality" of the iPhone may not be favored by young ladies and sisters, but there are also many students who like the realistic portrait photos of the iPhone.

Four focal lengths for portraits

2x focal length: 2x telephoto is back in the iPhone 14 Pro series this time, but this is not a physical lens, but a 48mm focal length photo and video with 12 million pixels in the middle of the main four-in-one pixel sensor.

If you look at the multiples alone, some students may not understand the difference between 2x and 3x, but if you look at the shooting distance of daily portrait photography, you will find that 48mm is more friendly than 77mm telephoto.

For example, if you go to dinner with your girlfriend, you can take a good photo of her with 2x focal length sitting across from her, and if you shoot with 77mm focal length, you either need to go back a few steps, or It is very possible to shoot the effect of a photo sticker.

There is also the fact that we want to shoot some objects. Using 1x will be too wide, and using 3x will have to go very far. If you are using the iPhone 14 Pro series, it is recommended to shoot with 2x focal length.

Although the 2x focal length of the iPhone 14 Pro is virtual, it can also take photos of the same quality as other lenses. In addition to shooting people, it is also particularly suitable for shooting still life. For example, here I used it to shoot a picture-in-picture photo.

In general, the 2x focal length will be more focused than the main camera, but more moderate than the 3x distance, and it is more suitable for shooting half-length portraits and still lifes where the subject needs to be highlighted.

3x telephoto: In contrast to 2x is the 3x focal length, this lens has an equivalent focal length of 77mm, which requires the photographer to stand at a farther distance to shoot than the 2x focal length.

The advantage of the 3x focal length is that the picture will be more compact, but it will bring less space environment than the 2x focal length, so the 3x focal length is more suitable for shooting close-ups of people's facial features.

The 2 and 3 times of the iPhone 14 Pro series are the golden focal lengths for portrait photography. They have different application scenarios. Students can choose the appropriate focal length according to the characteristics of the scene. If you are interested in the use of focal lengths in portrait photography, please leave a message at the end of the article, and we can also issue a more detailed introduction.

Wide-angle (main camera): 1x and 0.5x are essentially wide-angle lenses, the equivalent focal length of 1x is 24mm, and the equivalent focal length of 0.5x is 13mm, but for users to distinguish better, we are used to calling it the main camera, super wide angle.

In portrait photography, the wide-angle lens can not only shoot half-length portraits but is also suitable for shooting full-body portraits. Compared with the ultra-wide-angle, the main camera has a larger photosensitive element, which can output higher-quality photos in low-light conditions at night.

Ultra-wide angle: The ultra-wide angle of the iPhone 14 Pro series is equipped with a new sensor, which is more than twice the size of the previous generation. In the actual shooting, it is indeed found that there is a relatively obvious improvement.

For example, in this group of photos, the top one was taken with the iPhone 13 Pro Max, and the bottom one was taken with the iPhone 14 Pro Max. It is not difficult to click to zoom in to see that the iPhone 14 Pro Max has better picture quality and relatively less clarity and noise.

It is worth mentioning that this generation of iPhone has newly added light image engine technology, which can improve the quality of photos taken in low-light environments. For example, in low-light scenes such as indoors, the color of the environment and the skin color of the characters can be better restored.

We also found that this ultra-wide angle is also more accurate for character recognition. Even in dim light and foreground occlusion, iPhone 14 Pro Max can clearly record the facial features of characters.

With the blessing of the light image engine, in the face of such a close-up low-light scene, the iPhone 14 Pro Max can also clearly and accurately restore the details and colors of the leaves without any auxiliary lights.

Ease of photography

Of course, image quality performance is only one aspect of mobile photography, and "ease of use" is also a part that cannot be ignored.

Mobile phone photography is like the barrel principle. Some mobile phones can indeed take good pictures, but the ease of use is greatly reduced, but this aspect is precisely an important factor that determines whether ordinary users can easily control them.

Without a doubt, the iPhone 14 Pro is by far one of the easiest and easiest to use camera phones in my opinion. Not only does it provide 4 different focal lengths, but it also has very good focusing speed and stability.

We consider that not all portraits should keep the characters still, and sometimes dynamic snapshots can better show the vividness of the characters, such as the following head-shaking snapshot.

We found that the iPhone 14 Pro can clearly capture wonderful dynamic moments in this dynamic scene.

Therefore, I strongly recommend that after getting the new iPhone, you can use the wide-angle lens to change different angles and poses to capture with confidence. Compared with ordinary posing, you may be able to shoot more vivid blockbusters.

For ordinary users, it is more difficult to take good portraits at night. Fortunately, with the upgrade of mobile phone hardware specifications and the optimization of computational photography, smartphones have made significant progress in shooting portraits at night.

It is worth noting that most manufacturers use algorithms to brighten and smooth the skin to offset the noise of dark light, and this year's iPhone 14 strategy is to redesign the flash that has been neglected for a long time, and launched the "Adaptive Original". Color Flash" function.

I used to shoot portraits at night, and I almost never used the flash to shoot portraits, because the light from the self-flash was either too dark or too hard! I believe that many people are like me, most mobile phone flashes were used as a "torch" in the past.

This time, after the iPhone 14 has upgraded the flash, different exposure strategies can be adopted according to different focal lengths. In our actual shooting, it is indeed the case. When shooting with a wide-angle lens, the exposure area will be larger, which is more conducive to showing the posture of the characters.

When shooting at the telephoto end, the flash area will be smaller, which can better highlight the facial features of the characters.

Compared with ordinary night portraits, the adaptive flash can take photos with stronger contrast and sharpness. With the blessing of the adaptive flash, the characters at night will appear more prominent, which has the effect of a magazine blockbuster.

iPhone 14 Selfie

Most of the functions mentioned above are exclusive to the Pro series. In fact, the iPhone 14 digital series also has a good upgrade. For example, the front-facing TrueDepth camera is equipped with autofocus for the first time. So in terms of selfies, we will use the iPhone 14 to show them.

All front-facing lenses of the iPhone 14 support autofocus. With the blessing of this function, it can meet the needs of multiple people to take photos with clear focus and take selfies in low light.

If you want to get a more three-dimensional and textured selfie photo, I personally recommend taking a selfie with the native camera before post-processing. Although third-party apps can help you get microdermabrasion selfies with one click, I don't recommend you to do so. Third-party apps can't fully invoke the iPhone's camera permissions, so the effect it gets is not the best.

The usual practice is to use the native camera to take a photo with the best quality, and use the post-production app you are using to beautify the photo later, which will not only make your selfie photo more natural but also retain the original image for convenience. 

Finally, to answer the question that everyone has been concerned about:

Buy the iPhone 14 series or the iPhone 14 Pro series?

If you have a small budget and want to experience the stability and smoothness of iOS 16, then I would recommend you start with the more cost-effective iPhone 14 series.

Although there are no more professional functions of the Pro series in terms of imaging, if you only take photos/videos occasionally, then it can basically satisfy you.

In addition, for girls who love to take selfies, the iPhone 14 is undoubtedly the best model for taking selfies in the iPhone digital series in recent years.

As for the iPhone 14 Pro series, which has a stronger A16 chip and more professional imaging functions than the digital series, so the budget is sufficient, and I am interested in image creation, I think the Pro series will be a good choice.

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